Akiko Sugiki Kobe Gakuin University, Japan.
Faculty of Law, Kobe Gakuin University, 1-1-3 Minatojima, Chuo-ku, Kobe 650-0036 JAPAN.
Corresponding Author: firstname.lastname@example.org
ⓒ Copyright YIJUN Institute of International Law
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
The main purpose of this paper is to examine an alternative approach to state-building in Somalia to resolve issues regarding maritime piracy off the Somali coast. The sharp increase in piracy in Somalia is often regarded as a consequence of the collapse of the State after 1991. Solutions for curtailing piracy therefore depend upon the reconstruction of the State in Somalia. However, as has been the case in many post-conflict countries, Somalia has experienced a number of unsuccessful attempts at state-building because the current state-building model based on the western conception of statehood does not account for the realities of Somali society. Reviving a unified Somalia is thus counter-productive to securing peace, order and stability. By closely examining state-building approaches, this paper shows that the 'mediated state' approach is the most appropriate model not only for resolving issues regarding state-building, but also for tackling the root causes of piracy in Somalia.
Keywords: Somalia, Piracy, State-Building, Failed State, Negotiating Statehood, Mediated State
The Full Text is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.14330/jeail.2012.5.1.03